Source: Law Offices of Bukh & Associates
THREE SURPRISING FACTS ABOUT LATINOS
1. Latino Immigration Declined Under Obama’s Anti-immigration Policies
The same stereotypes prevail in America where most Latinos are depicted as poor. American media dismisses anything that doesn’t fit into the stereotype, and developing nations such as Chile, Uruguay, and Costa Rica have little to no crime.
2. Latino Family Values Show up in Vacations
67% of Latinos spend their vacations with their families. If one vacation isn’t enough, they take two. The survey showed that over 75% of Latinos take more than one vacation per year. Are they going to the Bahamas or Europe? No.
Of all the Latinos in America, over 60% returned to their homeland to enjoy family during vacation demonstrating how cultural roots have a more power role than many wishes to admit.
3. Hate Crimes Against Latinos are on the Rise
Right behind blacks, Latinos constitute the most discriminated group in America.
In a US Department of Justice study, researchers found that in 2012, Latinos experienced a higher rate of hate crime than whites and blacks. Hate crime incidents against Latinos more than tripled in comparison to whites and slightly higher rate than blacks.
Some studies have argued for smaller racial disparities in violent crime. However, a recent survey of government data found that the reduction in Black violent crime about white violent crime was a leftover from earlier studies, which counted Latino offenders as White.
The Latino population has been increasing fast, and Latinos have violence rates higher than Whites, but lower than Blacks.
According to the American Department of Justice, blacks made up 52.4% of homicide offenders while whites accounted for 45.4%. “Other,” or Latino, criminals came in at 2.3%. The offending rates for blacks was almost 9 points higher than whites.
According to a paper by the Pew Hispanic Center, Latinos accounted for 39% of all sentenced federal offenders, an increase from 23% in the previous study in 1991. Of the Latino offenders convicted at the federal level, almost half were for immigration offenses and 38% were for drug offenses.
Where there seems to be a relationship between blacks and Latinos and crime, the data shows there is a stronger tie between poverty and crime instead of crime and a particular racial group.
Studies show that areas with low socioeconomic status have the greatest correlation of crime with males, regardless of ethnic composition.
Ostensia Bonilla, a 56-year old manager at a party supply store in downtown Mexico City, moved to Illinois in 2007 with her daughter. Two years later, she decided to leave.
“I was concerned about the crowd she was hanging out with,” said Bonilla. “There were too many people using drugs in her circle.”
And with that, the family moved back to avoid the very issue that Trump proclaims all of Mexico suffers.
“Of course, we have drug problems,” Bonilla said.
“But we aren’t the ones using the drugs. The addicts are in America.”
HISPANIC IMMIGRANTS: MYTHS VS FACTS
MYTH: Immigrants Harm the American Economy and Jobs
FACT: A report from the President’s Council of Economic Advisers issued a report on “Immigration’s Economic Impact.” The Council reasoned that immigrants not only help fuel the country’s economic growth but have a positive, overall effect on the economy.
Besides have an overall positive effect on the economy, an increase in immigrant workers tends to increase employment rates among the native-born. According to a Pew Hispanic Center study, there was a definite correlation between the increase in the foreign-born residents and the employment of native-born workers in 27 states as well as the District of Columbia.
MYTH: Latino Immigrants Don’t Want to Learn English
FACT: Latino immigrants believe they need to learn English to succeed in America
Immigrants being accused of refusing to learn English is as old as the country. The allegations are no more true today than in 1776. Just like with prior waves of immigrants, there is an increase in English-language skills from one generation to the next. In the first major study of the children of immigrants, Rambaut and Portes found the “pattern of linguistic assimilation prevails across nationalities.”
Despite many first-generation Latino immigrants are unable to speak English, 89 percent of their US-born adult children state that they chat in English very well. Studies also indicate that the number rises dramatically for each subsequent generation.
There remains to be a market for English language classes that exceeds the supply. If all of the immigrants who wanted an English class was able to find one, the result would advance Latino integration into American life.
MYTH: Immigrants Don’t Want to Become Citizens
FACT: Despite the difficult requirements and huge backlogs, Latino immigrants to America see citizenship.
Most immigrants are not eligible to file an application for citizenship until they have lived in the US under lawful permanent resident status for five years and met several other criteria. Additionally, people applying for naturalization have to pay a fee of over $600, and this makes it harder for low-income immigrants to attain citizenship.
MYTH: Immigrants Bring Crime to America
FACT: Immigrants are less likely to commit crime than their native-born counterparts.
According to recent studies by the US Department of Justice, immigrants maintain low crime rates.
While incarceration rates are highest among young low-income Latino men, the rates are lower than for their native-born counterparts.
Cities like Hazleton, Pennsylvania have attempted to accuse a new wave of immigrants for a perceived rise in crime. The city’s perception was wrong as Hazleton’s crime statistics shows that overall crime in the city declined and is now less than half of the nationwide average.
MYTH: Most immigrants are undocumented and are in America illegally
FACT: 66% of immigrants are in America lawfully. Even half of all undocumented immigrants entered America legally.
According to the Pew Hispanic Center, a third of all immigrants are undocumented, a third have some form of legal status, and a third are naturalized citizens.
Roughly half of all undocumented immigrants entered the US on visas that allowed them to reside in the country temporarily as tourists, students or temporary workers.